# Writing

Some recommendations from Sportscience:

• i.e. and e.g. only within parenthesis (is that a thing?)
• aim for economy.
• However or synonyms at most once per paragraph.
• while/since for time related stuff, not instead of whereas/although/because.
• Don’t start sentence with because/as/since.

What I noticed that I’m doing wrong sometimes:

• aim to verb instead of aim at verb-ing.
• Using simple be instead of “fancy” verbs (e.g. represent).
• Shorter sentences. E.g. … This explains… instead of …, which explains….
• Place such as at end of the sentence when possible.
• The verb represent might be a faux-ami.

## General

Some snippets that could be useful.

### Starting the sentence

Typically, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ In principle, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Occasionally, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ For example, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ In X, Y … $$~~\bullet~~$$ As a result, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Indeed, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ In this regard, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Surprisingly, it appears that … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Although X, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Despite X, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Conversely,… $$~~\bullet~~$$ In contrast,… $$~~\bullet~~$$ Generally speaking, X with Y are more likely to engage in Z

### Explanation

This calculation is based on the fact that … $$~~\bullet~~$$ … : that is, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ X (namely, XX)

### Not sure

…, possibly via X $$~~\bullet~~$$ X may result in Y $$~~\bullet~~$$ These properties probably explain why … $$~~\bullet~~$$ … occasionally cause X through Y

### Opening

… offer valuable models for studying … $$~~\bullet~~$$ The study of X offers an alternative source of information on Y that … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Finally, an interesting question is whether … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Given that X, it would be interesting to examine … $$~~\bullet~~$$ These studies beg for more systematic analyses to assess X

### Nice expression/style

X may have a greater propensity to … $$~~\bullet~~$$ … but, intriguingly, only under X and Y conditions. $$~~\bullet~~$$ … may also be helpful to … $$~~\bullet~~$$ X is based, in part, on … $$~~\bullet~~$$ …, which, in turn, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Together, these data suggest a model in which … $$~~\bullet~~$$ These data are consistent with a X model… $$~~\bullet~~$$ … through myriad of mechanisms, including X. $$~~\bullet~~$$ … it is often coined the guardian of the genome because of … $$~~\bullet~~$$ …, which arose …, …

### Introduce the second part of a sentence

…, showing that… $$~~\bullet~~$$ …, suggesting … $$~~\bullet~~$$ …, which suggests it … $$~~\bullet~~$$ …, whereas …

## Introduction/reviews

It is only in the past few years that the pervasiveness of X has been appreciated. $$~~\bullet~~$$ According to the X/current model, … $$~~\bullet~~$$ … have uncovered a staggering quantity of … $$~~\bullet~~$$ This is a tell-tale signature of many … $$~~\bullet~~$$ “There are three lines of evidence that CNVs contribute to risk for SCZ” $$~~\bullet~~$$ We conclude the paper with some ﬁnal discussions $$~~\bullet~~$$ Thereafter

### Intro the intro

We also examine the multitude of ways through which $$~~\bullet~~$$ Recent studies have uncovered myriad of … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Several facets of X have been extensively investigated. $$~~\bullet~~$$ A number of studies have produced robust … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Various methods can be applied to …

### Pionner work

… has laid the foundation for the emerging field of … $$~~\bullet~~$$ … helped to shed light on X. $$~~\bullet~~$$ Several recent studies point to the existence of a previously unrecognized … $$~~\bullet~~$$ A first hint at the system came from a series of elegant studies on …

### Changing subject

Another exciting facet of X is that … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Another common route to X is through … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Another mechanism by which X can have an impact on Y is through … $$~~\bullet~~$$ The second functional theme emerging from analyses of X is the … $$~~\bullet~~$$ No less astounding are the results reported by X studies showing that … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Recently, several landmark studies have provided support to the four-decade-old hypothesis that …

### More

In addition, it has been shown … $$~~\bullet~~$$ In one study, X et al. found that … $$~~\bullet~~$$ A classic example is X, which … $$~~\bullet~~$$ These studies led to a detailed characterization of … $$~~\bullet~~$$ This was recently demonstrated by a report showing that …

### Closing

There is evidence that all of these processes have contributed to …

## Discussion

In spite of X and Y, our understanding of Z remains fragmentary. $$~~\bullet~~$$ A huge gap in our understanding of X lies (between) … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Whether X (that is, whether XX) remains an open question $$~~\bullet~~$$ Regarding X and Y, the emerging consensus posits that … $$~~\bullet~~$$ Several factors have been proposed to explain this incongruity. $$~~\bullet~~$$ How then can we explain the discrepancy between X and Y? $$~~\bullet~~$$ We argue that … $$~~\bullet~~$$ The bedrock for future studies

# Oral Expression

• Now as a transition word, e.g. when changing slides.
• In closing, … to introduce the conclusion slide.
• I thought I’d start by… starting the introduction.

• Don’t be a parrot, aka don’t read the slides and say things differently.
• Have fun.
• Make jokes.
• Articulate.
• Avoid “people have shown”.
• Lots of good ideas there:
• Don’t read the title but say why we care.
• Put yourself in a “I love this subject” enthusiast mood.